National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

Training of scientific personnel

One of the main tasks of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus is to create conditions for the development of scientific schools, the training of highly qualified scientific workers, and the advanced training of scientists and specialists. The Academy of Sciences provides training of highly qualified scientific and pedagogical workers through doctoral studies, postgraduate studies, applications and magistracies; it has a specialized state educational institution "Institute of the training of scientific personnel".

The Academy of Sciences promotes the improvement of the scientific level of the national education system, participates in the training of specialists with higher education, and enhances the qualifications of the teaching staff of institutions providing higher education. In accordance with its Charter, the NAS of Belarus can act as a founder of commercial and non-profit organizations, including research and training of highly qualified scientific personnel, educational institutions with university status.

Magistracy

In order to increase the level of training of scientific personnel, reduce the time of preparation for the defense of Ph.D. theses, as well as better selection of young graduates of higher educational institutions for further postgraduate studies, since 2007, in the system of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, training has begun with higher education of the second level (magistracy), which is carried out by the state educational institution “Institute for the Training of Scientific Personnel of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus”. Education in an academic magistracy is carried out on a full-time basis on a budgetary and paid basis on the basis of license No. 022100/462, issued by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus. Duration of study - one/two year(s).

The first graduates of the academic magistracy (July 10, 2008)

The master student work plans include listening to lectures with passing exams and tests in the specialty and special courses, performing under the guidance of a supervisor and defending a master's thesis, preparing for a candidate minimum and passing candidate exams and differentiated tests in general educational disciplines. The number of teachers involved in the master’s study process includes academicians and corresponding members of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, leading scientists and specialists of scientific organizations of the National Academy of Sciences, teachers of the Institute for the Training of Scientific Personnel of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and Belarusian universities.
In the 2018/2019 academic year, the preparation of master students is conducted in the following specialties of the second stage of higher education:
  • 1- 31 80 01 Biology
  • 1- 21 80 14 Art history
  • 1- 21 80 17 Archeology
  • 1- 36 80 03 Mechanical Engineering and Machine Science
  • 1- 31 80 09 Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
  • 1- 23 80 04 Sociology
  • 1- 31 80 05 Physics
  • 1- 31 80 06 Chemistry
  • 1- 25 80 04 Economy and national economy management

Postgraduate School

The main form of scientific training at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus since its inception has been postgraduate study. On December 23, 1930, in order to systematically train scientific personnel in the republic and improve the scientific and methodological management of this work, the Council of People's Commissars of the BSSR adopted a resolution “On the training of graduate students”, according to which the training of graduate students was concentrated at the Belarusian Academy of Sciences. On January 12, 1931, the Institute of Postgraduate Studies was created in the system of the Academy of Sciences, to which postgraduate students from higher educational institutions were seconded. It is believed that since that time in Belarus began systematic training of highly qualified scientific personnel.
Currently, organizational and methodological and coordinating functions for the training of scientific personnel through postgraduate studies in scientific organizations of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus are carried out by the Institute for the training of scientific personnel created in 2001. As of January 1, 2017, 533 employees of the National Academy of Sciences underwent training Belarus and a specialist of the national economy of the republic, including 294 - full-time, 105 - part-time studies, in the order of competition - 134 post-graduate students worked on their theses. 11 foreign students from Iran, Kazakhstan, China, Syria, and Turkmenistan are enrolled in the graduate school of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Scientific organizations of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus today offer opportunities for postgraduate training in a wide range of specialties and branches of science listed below.
The specialty of postgraduate study of national Academy of Sciences of Belarus
  • 01.01.02 - differential equations, dynamical systems and optimal control
  • 01.01.06 - mathematical logic, algebra and number theory
  • 01.01.07 - computational mathematics
  • 01.01.09 - discrete mathematics and mathematical cybernetics
  • 01.02.05 - mechanics of fluid, gas and plasma
  • 01.02.06 - dynamics, strength of machines, instruments and equipment
  • 01.04.02 - theoretical physics
  • 01.04.05 - optics
  • 01.04.07 - condensed matter physics
  • 01.04.08 - plasma physics
  • 01.04.10 - semiconductor physics
  • 01.04.13 - electrophysics, electrophysical installations
  • 01.04.14 - thermal physics and theoretical heat engineering
  • 01.04.16 - physics of the atomic nucleus and elementary particles
  • 01.04.17 - chemical physics, combustion and explosion, physics of extreme states of matter
  • 01.04.21 - laser physics
  • 01.04.23 - high energy physics
  • 02.00.03 - organic chemistry
  • 02.00.04 - physical chemistry
  • 02.00.06 - high molecular weight compounds
  • 02.00.10 - bioorganic chemistry
  • 02.00.11 - colloid chemistry
  • 02.00.14 - radiochemistry
  • 03.01.01 - radiobiology
  • 03.01.02 - biophysics
  • 03.01.04 - biochemistry
  • 03.01.05 - plant physiology and biochemistry
  • 03.01.06 - biotechnology (including bionanotechnology)
  • 03.01.07 - molecular genetics
  • 03.02.01 - botany
  • 03.02.03 - microbiology
  • 03.02.04 - zoology
  • 03.02.05 - entomology
  • 03.02.07 - genetics
  • 03.02.08 - ecology
  • 03.02.10 - hydrobiology
  • 03.02.11 - parasitology
  • 03.02.12 - mycology
  • 03.02.14 - biological resources
  • 03.03.01 - physiology
  • 03.03.02 - anthropology
  • 05.02.02 - machine science, drive systems and machine parts
  • 05.02.04 - friction and wear in cars
  • 05.02.07 - technology and equipment for mechanical and physical-technical processing
  • 05.02.08 - engineering technology
  • 05.02.09 - technology and pressure forming machines
  • 05.02.10 - welding, related processes and technologies
  • 05.02.11 - control methods and diagnostics in mechanical engineering
  • 05.05.03 - wheeled and tracked vehicles
  • 05.11.07 - optical and optoelectronic devices and complexes
  • 05.11.13 - devices and methods for monitoring the natural environment, substances, materials and products
  • 05.13.01 - system analysis, management and processing of information (by industry)
  • 05.13.05 - elements and devices of computing equipment and control systems
  • 05.13.11 - mathematical and software of computers, complexes and computer networks
  • 05.13.12 - design automation systems (by industry)
  • 05.13.18 - mathematical modeling, numerical methods and program complexes
  • 05.14.01 - energy systems and complexes
  • 05.14.03 - nuclear power plants, including design, operation and decommissioning
  • 05.14.04 - industrial power system
  • 05.14.08 - power plants based on renewable energy
  • 05.16.01 - metal science and heat treatment of metals and alloys
  • 05.16.04 - foundry
  • 05.16.05 - metal forming
  • 05.16.06 - powder metallurgy and composite materials
  • 05.16.08 - nanotechnologies and nanomaterials
  • 05.16.09 - materials science (by industry)
  • 05.17.07 - chemical technology of fuel and high-energy substances
  • 05.18.01 - processing technology, storage and processing of cereals, legumes, cereals, fruits and vegetables and viticulture
  • 05.18.04 - technology of meat, dairy and fish products and refrigeration industries
  • 05.18.05 - technology of sugar and sugary products, tea, tobacco and subtropical crops
  • 05.18.07 - biotechnology of food and biological active substances
  • 05.18.12 - food production processes and devices
  • 05.18.15 - technology and commodification of food, functional and specialized products and catering
  • 05.20.01 - technology and mechanization of agriculture
  • 05.27.01 - solid-state electronics, radioelectronic components, micro- and nanoelectronics, devices based on quantum effects
  • 06.01.01 - general farming
  • 06.01.02 - land reclamation, land reclamation and protection
  • 06.01.03 - soil science, agrophysics
  • 06.01.04 - agrochemistry
  • 06.01.05 - selection and seed farming of agricultural plants
  • 06.01.06 - grassland and fodder production. Medicinal and essential oil crops
  • 06.01.07 - plant protection
  • 06.01.08 - vegetable growing
  • 06.01.09 - crop production
  • 06.01.10 - fruit growing
  • 06.02.02 - veterinary microbiology, virology, epizootology, mycology with mycotoxicology and immunology
  • 06.02.03 - veterinary pharmacology with toxicology
  • 06.02.05 - veterinary sanitation, ecology, zoohygiene and veterinary-sanitary examination
  • 06.02.06 - veterinary obstetrics and biotechnology animal reproduction
  • 06.02.07 - breeding, selection and genetics and reproduction of agricultural animals
  • 06.02.08 - farm animal feeding and feed technology
  • 06.02.10 - private animal husbandry, production technology of livestock products
  • 06.03.01 - forest crops, selection, seed production
  • 06.03.02 - forest science, silviculture, forest management and forest inventory
  • 06.03.03 - agroforestry, protective afforestation and gardening of settlements, forest fires and their control
  • 06.04.01 - fish industry and aquaculture
  • 07.00.02 - national history
  • 07.00.06 - archeology
  • 07.00.07 - ethnography, ethnology and anthropology
  • 07.00.09 - historiography, source study and historical research methods
  • 08.00.01 - economic theory
  • 08.00.05 - economy and national economy management
  • 08.00.14 - world economy
  • 09.00.01 - ontology and theory of knowledge
  • 09.00.03 - history of philosophy
  • 09.00.05 - ethics
  • 09.00.08 - philosophy of science and technology
  • 09.00.11 - social philosophy
  • 09.00.13 - philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture
  • 09.00.14 - philosophy of religion and religious studies
  • 10.01.01 - Belarusian literature
  • 10.01.02 - Russian literature
  • 10.01.03 - literature of the peoples of foreign countries
  • 10.01.08 - theory of literature. Textual
  • 10.01.09 - folkloristics
  • 10.02.01 - Belarusian language
  • 10.02.02 - Russian language
  • 10.02.03 - Slavic languages
  • 14.03.03 - pathological physiology
  • 14.03.04 - toxicology
  • 14.03.06 - pharmacology, clinical pharmacology
  • 14.03.11 - restorative medicine, physical therapy and sports medicine, balneology and physiotherapy
  • 17.00.01 - theater art
  • 17.00.02 - musical art
  • 17.00.03 - cinema, television and other screen arts
  • 17.00.04 - graphic, decorative arts and architecture
  • 17.00.09 - theory and history of art
  • 22.00.03 - economic sociology and demography
  • 22.00.04 - social structure, social institutions and processes
  • 22.00.05 - political sociology
  • 22.00.06 - sociology of culture
  • 25.01.01 - general and regional geology
  • 25.02.10 - geotechnology (underground, open and construction)
  • 25.03.05 - land hydrology, water resources, hydrochemistry
  • 25.03.08 - meteorology, climatology, agrometeorology
  • 25.03.13 - geoecology

Doctorate

Doctoral studies at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus were opened in 1946 - 1954 and restored in 1988. Today, scientific organizations of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus offer opportunities for preparing doctoral theses in a wide range of disciplines..
Doctoral specialties of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
  • 01.01.02 - differential equations, dynamical systems and optimal control
  • 01.01.06 - mathematical logic, algebra and number theory
  • 01.01.07 - computational mathematics
  • 01.01.09 - discrete mathematics and mathematical cybernetics
  • 01.02.06 - dynamics, strength of machines, instruments and equipment
  • 01.04.02 - theoretical physics
  • 01.04.05 - optics
  • 01.04.07 - condensed matter physics
  • 01.04.08 - plasma physics
  • 01.04.14 - thermal physics and theoretical heat engineering
  • 01.04.16 - physics of the atomic nucleus and elementary particles
  • 01.04.21 - laser physics
  • 02.00.03 - organic chemistry
  • 02.00.04 - physical chemistry
  • 02.00.06 - high molecular weight compounds
  • 02.00.10 - bioorganic chemistry
  • 02.00.11 - colloid chemistry
  • 03.01.04 - biochemistry
  • 03.01.05 - plant physiology and biochemistry
  • 03.02.01 - botany
  • 03.02.04 - zoology
  • 03.02.07 - genetics
  • 03.02.10 - hydrobiology
  • 03.03.01 - physiology
  • 03.03.02 - anthropology
  • 05.02.02 - machine science, drive systems and machine parts
  • 05.02.04 - friction and wear in cars
  • 05.02.07 - technologies and equipment for mechanical and physical-technical processing
  • 05.02.08 - engineering technology
  • 05.02.11 - control methods and diagnostics in mechanical engineering
  • 05.05.03 - wheeled and tracked vehicles
  • 05.11.07 - optical and optoelectronic devices and complexes
  • 05.11.08 - radio measuring devices
  • 05.11.13 - devices and methods for monitoring the natural environment, substances, materials and products
  • 05.13.01 - system analysis, management and processing of information (by industry)
  • 05.13.12 - automation systems
  • 05.14.03 - nuclear power plants, including design, operation and decommissioning
  • 05.14.04 - industrial power system
  • 05.16.04 - foundry
  • 05.16.05 - metal forming
  • 05.16.06 - powder metallurgy and composite materials
  • 05.16.09 - materials science
  • 05.20.01 - technology and mechanization of agriculture
  • 06.01.01 - general farming
  • 06.01.03 - soil science, agrophysics
  • 06.01.04 - agrochemistry
  • 06.01.05 - selection and seed farming of agricultural plants
  • 06.01.09 - crop production
  • 06.02.07 - breeding, selection, genetics and reproduction of farm animals
  • 06.02.08 - farm animal feeding and feed technology
  • 06.02.10 - private animal husbandry, production technology of livestock products
  • 06.03.02 - forest science, silviculture, forest management and forest inventory
  • 06.03.03 - agroforestry, protective afforestation and gardening of settlements, forest fires and fighting them
  • 07.00.02 - national history
  • 07.00.06 - archeology
  • 07.00.07 - ethnography, ethnology and anthropology
  • 07.00.09 - historiography, source study and historical research methods
  • 08.00.01 - economic theory
  • 08.00.05 - economics and national economy management (by industry)
  • 08.00.14 - world economy
  • 09.00.01 - ontology and theory of knowledge
  • 09.00.03 - history of philosophy
  • 09.00.08 - philosophy of science and technology
  • 09.00.11 - social philosophy
  • 10.01.01 - Belarusian literature
  • 10.01.02 - Russian literature
  • 10.01.03 - literature of the peoples of foreign countries
  • 10.01.08 - theory of literature. Textual
  • 10.01.09 - folkloristics
  • 10.02.01 - Belarusian language
  • 10.02.02 - Russian language
  • 10.02.03 - Slavic languages
  • 14.03.03 - pathological physiology
  • 17.00.01 - theater art
  • 17.00.04 - fine art, decorative arts and architecture
  • 17.00.09 - theory and history of art
  • 19.00.05 - social psychology
  • 22.00.03 - economic sociology and demography
  • 22.00.04 - social structure, social institutions and processes
  • 22.00.06 - sociology of culture
  • 25.03.13 - geoecology