Ekaterina Ivanovna Slobozhanina (b. 10.03.1945, Lelchitsy, Gomel region), a scientist in the field of photobiology and membrane biophysics. Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (2000), Doctor of Biological Sciences (1992), Professor (2003).
Investigated the relationship of photonics and structural dynamics of protein macromolecules in solution and in the composition of biological membranes. She conducted a comparative study of the sensitivity of various parameters of intrinsic and probe fluorescence to changes in the structural state of proteins when exposed to biologically active substances. Established the patterns of modification of the structural-functional state of biological membranes under the action of physicochemical factors of different nature and specificity on them, the relationship between structural changes in erythrocyte membranes, metabolic shifts and the development of pathological processes in the body. Proved the applicability of fluorescent methods to identify features of the structural state of proteins in biomembranes in pathology, which was the basis for the wide use of luminescence in biomedical research. Developed a number of rapid methods of photodiagnostics of diseases.
Author of more than 300 scientific papers, incl. 1 monograph, 7 inventions.
State Prize of the Republic of Belarus in 1992 for the series of works "Luminescence of proteins and its use in scientific research and in practice".