Collaboration of the NAS of Belarus with the Romanian Academy is based on the Agreement on scientific cooperation signed in September 2008, as well as on the Agreement on cooperation between the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, the Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research and the Romanian Academy, concluded in September 2009. Since signing the Agreements four joint competitions were held and 29 projects were financed according BRFFR line. These projects cover various areas: from mathematics and physics to the science of man and society. Currently, 18 projects submitted for the fourth joint competition are subject to state scientific expertise. The B.I.Stepanov Institute of Physics of the NAS of Belarus, the Scientific and Practical Materials Research Center of the NAS of Belarus, the Institute for Fruit Growing of the NAS of Belarus, the Institute of Philosophy of the NAS of Belarus were most active for participation in the competitions.