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Personality. Culture. Society. Vol. 3, Issue 3(9), 2001
Volume 3, Issue 3(9), 2001
Editor-in-chief Opinion. pp. 9--10
THEORY AND METHODOLOGY
New Social Theory of Intellectual Creativity: "Sociology of Philosophies" by Randall Collins. pp. 11--23.
Summary: Social philosopher prof. Nikolai S. Rozov (Novosibirsk State University) -- the translator of R.Collins's book -- presents its main structure and ideas to Russian intellectual community. The most radical and scandalizing Collins's theses directed against traditional and wide spread personalistic, humanitarian and particularistic views are especially emphasized.
Sociology of Philosophies: Global Theory of Intellectual Change (extracts from Introduction). pp. 24--51.
Summary: American sociologist prof. Randall Collins (University of Pennsylvania) in Introduction to his fundamental volume (1100 pages) criticizes most popular views on the nature of intellectual creativity (ideas create ideas, individuals create ideas, culture creates ideas, etc). The main framework of own Collins's position is crystallized: ideas are produced by long-term intellectual networks i.e. systems of personal links between communicating intellectuals.
THE HUMAN BEING AS COMPLEX SUBJECT
A Human Being as a Subject of the Philosophical Anthropology (the questions of methodology). pp. 52--67.
Summary: The author deals with the philosophical anthropology as a peculiar mode of philosophical consideration. This point of view makes it possible to prove the necessity of wholistic interpretation of the Human being as natural and social & historical phenomenon with a wide variety of its life manifestation. Some contemporary domestic studies in philosophical anthropology are revised.
To Gain or to Loss the Human Being under the Context of the Philosophical Anthropology. pp. 68--78.
Summary: A new trend in philosophical anthropology is critically analyzed. The author claims, that new forms of the techniques, integrating the man as operator or mediator and the computer, may cause the depth of the Human being as organic, carbon-based essence. The post-man is no a man. It is a cyber. And its establishment means that a new reality is formed, where is no any place for alive man.
The Concept of Dominance and World-organization. pp. 79--95.
Summary: The issue presents an article by McKenzie R.D., one of the Chicago school representatives, published in 1927. The author analyzes the process of the development of new centers of economic and ecological dominance during the period of global industrialization. The formation of new types of communication nets and western expanse triggered the transformation of the world in a united closed area, the decry of imperials, and arising of the multi-polar world order.
The Movement of Cultures. pp. 96--117.
Summary: The chapter from the Feibleman's "The Theory of Human Culture", devoted to "The Movement of Cultures", is published. Following the tradition of Spengler, Viko, Toinby, the work represents the cyclic model of the life of the culture. The analogy of the society and living body id used in a socio-biological way. The factors of arising, development and decline of cultures are investigated. The concept of implicit dominant ontology as an interrelation of mental and institutional structures is of scientific interest
Structure and Organization in a Small Community (continued). pp. 118--140.
Summary: The next work of Britain social anthropologist R. Firth is a part from "Elements of Social Organization" (1951). Four elements of the social organization of the community are revealed: social cohesion, the means of social control, social mediators and social standards and norms. Social relations in the small communities in civilized and primitive societies are investigated using these concepts.
Gaetano Mosca as a Creator of the Political Science. pp. 141--148.
Summary: The preview of the translator and researcher acquaints a reader with the creative biography and main ideas by Italian theoretician G. Mosca. A selected bibliography of the Mosca's works and domestic critical studies follows.
The Method of the Political Science. pp. 149--155.
Summary: Some fragments from G. Mosca's "La Classe Politica" (1923) are published. The author describes origins and objectives of the political science. The political differentiation is positively explained with differences in climate, race features of social behavior and so on. The origins of the political science from Aristotle are investigated. The author establishes the methods and criterions making political studies a Science, and a peculiar science.
Culture as the Subject of Research (continued). pp. 156--182
Summary: The following part of the cultural studies investigation is devoted to the problems of structure and functions of the cultural system. The author considers universal, semiotic, functional, structural, technological, psychological and actional models of the structural differentiation of the culture. He posed metasystem model as a mode to integrate the most main concepts and categories dealing with culture. Functions and institutes of the cultural system are revealed.
The Paradigms of the Social Knowledge Development in the Virtualizing Society. pp. 183--192.
Summary: The author proclaims the change of the old monistic paradigm in social knowledge caused by the virtualization of the society. The social reality is no more a system, but an environment of human existence. The pragmatical implementation of the new paradigm is to answer about the objectives of the cognition. The main features of the new paradigm are methodological pluralism, anthropocentrism, and synthetic point of view, integrating philosophical and religious interpretations.
The Social Communication: A Concept and Symbolic Content (a lecture). pp. 193--207.
Summary: A lecture considers some questions of the theory of social communication. The author emphasizes the symbolic and over-organic, overindividual character of communication. Social communication is a not a means but a content of social interaction, meaningful and creative, elaborating social order. The role of social and cultural heritage in communication is also analyzed. Some anti-informational view on the nature of contemporary (post-modern) society is presented.
EXTRACTS FROM THE NEW BOOK
The Culmination of the Great Falsehood (continued). pp. 208--234.
Summary: The author continues his study with sociological analysis from values to meaning, identifying social structure. All the obligating foundations of social order are universal moral norms. If some way of living differs from that "universal" point of view, its existence may be justified only as ethnographic peculiarity. The Western social organization evolves to formal and meaning-free structure. And Western theoreticians and ideologists (playing the same demagogical role) demonstrates non-reflective, deconstructive position.
THE FLOOR OF THE YOUNG SCIENTIST
The Specific Features of the Postmodern Art. pp. 235--246.
Summary: The author of the article suggests considering postmodern peculiarity through such categories as "involving", "gesturenest" and "in-tensity". The categories help us to look in a new way at triangle "author - artificial product - recipients Besides, there is insisted that post-modern art not only reflection of reality but it's a powerful stimulating for changing in social and political spheres. All these questions the author considers in her dissertation "Peculiarity of Russian Postmodern" in more detail.
Conference "Person, Culture and Society under Global Change: the Integration of Human Sciences". Moscow, 19-21 October 2000. pp. 247--268.
Summary: Records and papers presented on the Panel 4 are placed. The Panel has been devoted to the Human being as complex problem and anthropological shift in the social sciences and humanities. The extracts from the reports by P.S. Gurevitch, V.S. Barulin, M.V. Dyemin, V.A. Kutirev, V.N. Lavrynenko, V.P. Vorobiyev, N.G. Poltavtseva, B.B. Komotskiy, N.S. Katunina, A.E. Voskoboynikov, V.P.Veryaskina, V.D. Chesnokova, E.S. Demydenko, I.V. Dobyakov, I.V. Yegorova, V.K. Samokhvalova reveal different points of view and various edges of the problem.
The First Session of the Eurasian Sociological Association. pp. 269--300.
Summary: The First Session of the Eurasian Sociological Association has taken place in Moscow on the 29th of June, 2001. Some reports presented at the assembly are published.
Opening Speech. pp. 269--271.
Summary: Opening Speech is devoted to the main objectives of the Eurasian Sociological Association in integration of the post-soviet scientific, cultural space and interpersonal communication.
Globalization as a New Type War. pp. 271--279.
Summary: Zinoviyev A.A. interprets Globaliwtion as a New Type War. He revises that globalization is not a kind of objective process, but a merchant egoistic Western policy apologizing Western military, economic, political dominance.
Eurasian Choice of the Russia (on the geopolitic fictions by Z. Bjezinsky). pp. 279--295.
Summary: The author critically review the foundations of the United Stated policy in the post-soviet space through the point of view of the national interests of Russia and common objectives of the most of the former Soviet republics.
Organizational Matters. pp. 296--300.
Summary: The main Organizational decisions concluding the structure and the staff of the leading bodies are published.
The Science and Personnel of the High School in the Transforming Society. pp. 301--303.
Summary: In scientific operation on a basis rather - historical of analysis the historical premises of reforming of high school, change in it scientific -pedagogical structure and main tendencies of development of a high school science in second half 80th -- 90th years are investigated. Many problems and features of creation, preparation and improvement of professional skill scientific -- pedagogical of frames of high schools in conditions of transformation of the Russian company completely are studied. On the basis of an extensive actual material the primary factors and contradictions of development of high school sector of a science. The valuation to main directions, results and perspectives of transformations of the system of a higher school and high school science is given.
The Course of the Philosophy: "once more" or "new" one. pp. 304--309.
Summary: The review deals with a new course of lectures on philosophy, published by K.K.Delikarov, V.N.Shevehenko (eds.) for postgraduate students. High professional competence and world-outlook tolerance of the collective of the authors are pointed. A lot of actual themes (Russia, global problems, philosophy of history, philosophy of politics and so on) accompanies traditional content of the course on philosophy.