Proc. of the Natl. Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Ser. Humanitarian Sciences, 2003, No.3
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Proc. of the Natl. Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Ser. Humanitarian Sciences, 2003, No.3
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus|
(Vestsi Natsiyanalnai Akademii Navuk Belarusi)
SERIES OF HUMANITARIAN SCIENCES
Published by The Belaruskaya Navuka Publishing House, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
Number 3, 2003
PHILOSOPHY AND SOCIOLOGY
Karpenka I. D.
Shaping of modern determinism concept. pp. 4--6
Summary: New aspects of determinism in connection with the development of cybernetics are revealed in the article, which raises a number of important problems of the methodology of artificial intellect modelling. A philosophic and scientific analysis of multivariant character of determination forms is carried out; it is shown that for cybernetic problems solution it is necessary to consider synergetic principles of causal relationships.
Krasyuk U. F.
Adam Bogdanovich as a forerunner of ethnic sociology in Belarus. pp. 7--13
Summary: The vision of Adam Bagdanovich as a well-known ethnographist on the boundary of XIX--XX centuries would be not complete without seeing him as the founder of ethnic sociology in Belarus. In the article Adam Bagdanovich's sociologic ideals are expressed later developed during further ethnographic research and analysis of social problems. Having been a highly -- educated and versatile man, the father of the great poet managed to consider many present-day problems and made contribution to the development of ethnic sociology.
Stepanenka N. A.
Development of ethnic traditions in the context of contemporary biomedical experimentation. pp. 14--21
Summary: The article analyzes development of ethnic traditions in the context of biomedicul experimentation modified in accordance with transformation of social-cultural values in the system of modern research standards.
Mdivany T. G.
Sources of rationalist type of thinking. pp. 22--30
Summary: The article describes reasons underlying Christian dissent into Orthodoxy and Catholicism, characterizes principles of Western rationalism and discloses specifics of East European world outlook.
Malevich Yu. I.
Universalism of human rights. pp. 31--38
Summary: The article analyses the conception of universalism of human rights in its transformation. This conception includes processes of human rights transformation in new world realities of beginning XXI century.
Mishchanka M. S.
Problems of labor differentiation. pp. 39--42
Summary: The development of Labour legislation tends towards individualization and personalization of Labour. Labour legislation of the RB states the following subjects: women, youth, including minors under 18, persons of pre-pension age, disabled persons, employees with Chernobyl decontamination record.
The main ways for labour differentiation of the above-mentioned subjects are guaranties, privileges, limitations. Biological, age, social and medical criteria have been taken into account while making labour differentiation.
Markaw A. V.
Innovative activity and innovation cycle. pp. 43--45
Summary: Basic definition of innovative activity has been formulated. Major objectives of innovation policy have been outlined.
Plashchinsky A. A.
Economic analysis of Belarusian industry in the 90s of XX century. pp. 46--52
Summary: The paper provides economic analysis of Belarusian industries in the 90-s of XX century and describes main trends in industrial development.
Lebedz M. I.
Forms and contents of cultural relations between Belarus and East Germany (GDR) in 1965--1990. pp. 53--58
Summary: So far the problem of cultural relations between Belarus and East Germany (GDR) has not received adequate coverage by historians. Forms and contents of cultural links have been traced during 1965--1990 from new viewpoint. The historic analysis is provided, with special emphasis on approach of authorities to cultural problem.
Sakovich V. S.
Economics of Belarusian agrarian sector in the 80s of XX century. pp. 59--66
Summary: Economic analysis has been provided for Belarus agriculture in 80-s of XX century. Trends in development of agrosec-tor were revealed, build-up of negative factors and bottlenecks limiting progress of agroproduction was established. Problems of seeking pathways ensuring transition to new economic relations in local agriculture have been raised.
ART STUDIES, ETHNOGRAPHY, FOLKLORE
Kushnyarevich A. M.
Distribution of gothic style in Belarusian culture. pp. 67--74
Summary: The article is devoted to the complex research of finding out Gothic elements in different kinds of Belarusian art. Spreading of Gothic in Belarusian culture was a complex and many-sided process. Eastern-Slavonic architectural heritage of XIth -- XIIth cent., cultural connections with Byzantium, Poland, German, Czechid played a big role. The second half of XIVth -- first part of XVIth century was Gothic period in Belarusian architecture. Gothic constructions were also built in the second half of XVIth -- at the beginning of XVIIth century simultaneously with Renaissance and Barocco. Catholic and Orthodox churches were built in Gothic technique. Nothing is known about mosques and synagogues. Gothic fortifications were also in fashion. Gothic elements may be found in Belarusian sculpture, decorative-applied an.
Remishewsky K. I.
Non-fiction cinema: antinomy of screen media. pp. 75--80
Summary: The author of the article analyzes a little-known area -- creative understanding and industrial introduction of new expressive means of a screen language, in particular, digital videotechnologies of high definition (High Density), first of all, applied in nonfiction films. The reasons favoring a principle stating the unity of three fundamental elements: social, poetic and technical have been provided. On a surface -- technical and organizational problems, but as a matter of fact -- this gradual and thoughtful development of new rules is constant perfection of film-spelling.
Mikhno V. G.
Marriage structure and differentiation in age, nationality, education and occupation of Belarusian urban population. pp. 81--85
Summary: The parameters of internal population subdivision of the Belarusian towns were estimated: an assortative mating by genetically significant biological (the age) and social (ethnicity, education, occupation) population criteria. Investigation was carried out on the basis of marriage certificates of 14 572 inhabitants of Pinsk, Maladechna, Vilejka, Zhodzina, Stoubcy. Mean age of bridegrooms (24.5--26.4 years) and of brides (22.9--24.5 years) at the reproductive age is relatively young.
Majority of bridegrooms and brides received secondary education: 45--59%. By the structure of occupation the main pan of bridegrooms are employed: in industry -- 33--48%, in service -- 9--16%, unemployed -- 7--24%. For brides: in service -- 12--15%, unemployed -- 15--19%, the students -- 13--17%.
The most important factors of internal population subdivision are assortative mating with the respect to age (r = 0.79--0.89), education (A' = 18--35%), occupation (A' reached 54%). Assortative mating with respect to ethric origin in the
Belarusian group is low (A' = 16%), in the national minority group is low and negative (A' = 16-1.77%), evidencing,
that gene pool of national minorities is merging into the gene pool of Belarusian group.
Letska K. I.
Proromantic trends in Belarusian literature of early medieval epoch. pp. 86--95
Summary: The present paper investigates the typological aspects of related to romanticism tendencies in Belarusian literature of early Middle Ages (XI--XIII centuries) for the first time in native (Belarusian) literary criticism. Having analyzed the texts of fiction from different historical periods, significantly distant in the time span, we showed how literary techniques, themes, motives and images, that found their expression and development in Belarusian literature of the epoch of romanticism, were born in Middle Ages manuscripts.
Gedzimin L. A.
Literary debates on reconstitution of Orthodox hierarchy in Rzech Pospolita in 1620. pp. 96--100
Summary: Historical events triggering literary debates on reconstitution of Orthodox hierarchy in 1620 have been considered in the article. Peculiarities of Orthodox-Greek Catholic literature are analyzed, main themes and ideas are pointed out, correlations with real changes in social conscience after Brest Church Union are traced. Attempt has been made to classify literary works.
Tsatsarvov Yu. S.
Role of verb spreaders in analytical nominations of person. pp. 101--107
Summary: This article is devoted to one of unexplored aspect of comparison of cognate languages: Russian and Belarusian. Based on the broadened model of nominative row it is examined specific features and peculiarities of functioning of analytic nominations of persons and the role of semantic spreaders of verb on the material of grammatical function of mode line of action.
Lyashtchinskaya V. A.
Repetition in Yanka Kupala's poetry. pp. 108--112
Summary: Phenomenon of melodiousness of Ya. Kupala's poetical masterpieces was analyzed via compositional prism based on repetition principle. Diverse reiterative types dating back to folk songs have been enriched by talented Belarusian master.
Kaurus A. A.
Causal constructions with preposition "z + genitive case" in modern Polish in contrast to Belarusian equivalents. pp. 113--118
Summary: The present article provides a comparative analysis of Polish causal syntactic constructions with preposition z (within the limits of the adverb of cause) and their Belamsian equivalents. The analysis is based on texts from modern Polish and Belarusian literature (mostly translations from one of languages into the other). The expression of various shades of causality, the distribution of components in this type of causal structures is described; synonymous prepositional-nominal constructions are considered.
Tokar V. U., Pyatrova L. I., Zilbergleit M. A.
Methods to estimate font legibility. pp. 119--122
Summary: Analysis of different methods evaluating font legibility has been completed. Positive and negative aspects of some estimating procedures are presented. The problem of engaging up-to-date approaches is emphasized.
SCIENTISTS OF BELARUS
Mikalai Vasil'evich Biryla (To 80th Anniversary). pp. 123--124
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