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Proc. of the Natl. Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Ser. Humanitarian Sciences, 2005, No.2

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Proc. of the Natl. Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Ser. Humanitarian Sciences, 2005, No.2

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
(Vestsi Natsiyanalnai Akademii Navuk Belarusi)
SERIES OF HUMANITARIAN SCIENCES

Published by The Belaruskaya Navuka Publishing House, Minsk, Republic of Belarus

Number 2, 2005

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CONTENTS


PHILOSOPHY AND SOCIOLOGY

Rybka D. P.
Innovational educational technologies of the managing staff. pp. 5--9

Summary: The article is devoted to present-day problems of use of innovational educational technologies in the system of training the managing staff in the Republic of Belarus. The problems on the unity of education and upbringing in the system of remote training of the managing staff are also considered in the article.

Belokrylova V. A.
Transformed forms and their role in the social knowledge. pp. 10--14

Summary: Emergence and reproduction of illusive projections of social interactions in social experience is the objective function of their system organization.

Buikevich N. V.
System of social help and its reforming in the Republic of Belarus. pp. 15--19

Summary: The main aim of this article is to highlight and systematize the basic drawbacks of the existing system of social help which have led to the necessity of its reforming. In this article, firstly, the situation in which it is necessary to reform social helps is analyzed; secondly, the basic directions of this reforming are determined; thirdly, the allocation of the most disadvantageous group consisting of large families, incomplete families with children, the families which have landicapped children or look after the elderly is made. Two important principles of state policy in the sphere of employment are featured: the equal responsibility of the state and a citizen to have a job providing a decent way of living; the maintenance of a free redistribution of citizens between different spheres of work, the increase of branch and professional mobility of labor force.

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LAW

Krachkouski V. V.
Law making in the context of the division of powers. pp. 20--26

Summary: The competence of the authorities of different branches of power in creating the legal regulations in the Republic of Belarus is dwelt on. The competence of the President of the Republic, National Assembly, Council of Ministers and executive bodies, Constitutional Court, Plenums of the Supreme and Higher Economic Courts in publication of the regulative legal acts is analysed.

Fiodorova J. A.
Right of labour contract parties on works created by employees. pp. 27--30

Summary: Two kinds of problems are usually connected with a category of works created by employees: a definition of criteria of reference of works to those created by employees, and an establishment of a person who posesses rights on such results of intellectual activity. Different legal problems arising at the junction of regulations of labor law and copyright are considered. First of all, the article is devoted to the investigation of the essence of copyright objects created by employees. In addition, the analysis of public relations arising at the creation of works of literature, science and art by employees and also at the distribution of rights to them, and their legal regulation are investigated in the article.

Vasilevich D. G.
Development of the USSR and Republic of Belarus legislation on the freedom of migration and the choice of a residence place. pp. 31--35

Summary: The article analyses the development of the legal regulation of the relations in the field of movement and choosing of the habitation. The attitude of the state towards the solution of this issue in the Czarist Russia, USSR, and in pan in Belarus in contemporary period is shown.

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ECONOMICS

Kuzmitskaya T. V., Solodovnikov S. Yu.
Research on the subjects of labour relations in the modern economic science. pp. 36--41

Summary: Methodological research principles in the modern political economy of labour relation subjects have been developed, based upon the existing noosphere paradigm. The role of the foregoing relations in the economic system of the modern society under the conditions of social life globalization and dollarization is defined.

Bychkova G. M.
Innovation-economic mechanism of development of higher education. pp. 42--45

Summary: The concept of the innovation-economic mechanism of development of higher education is aimed at the economic maintenance of conditions of formation of a creative person for active participation in the economic and social development of the society. Innovation of the development of education involves the improvement of its quality and the increase of the efficiency of the economic mechanism in maintaining modern progressive educational processes. By the basic purposes the development and introduction of different-sort innovations have the optimization of quality work and the competitiveness of the educational system of the country.

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HISTORY

Kuzmenka U. I.
National struggle with fascism during the Great Patriotic War. pp. 46--51

Summary: In the article, the contribution of the Belarusian people into the struggle with German fascism is illustrated using the modern data and from the positions of modern historiography.

Nesterovich N. B.
Relationships between the state power and public organigations in Belarus (1917--2000). pp. 52--58

Summary: The essence of the relationships between the state power and public organizations in Belarus from 1917 till 2000 is examined. The legal status and the role of the latter in the political life are analysed.

Beryozkina N. Yu.
Information-library providing of science and education in Belarus in the second half of XVII--XVIII centuries. pp. 59--65

Summary: The condition of the information-library maintenance of science and education in Belarus in the second half of XVII— XVIII centuries, the activity of libraries, printing houses and educational institutions in the scientific knowledge distribution field are considered in the article.

Batyaev V. F.
Exploring the development of Belarusian voluntary scientific organizations in 1920--1930s. pp. 66--70

Summary: The article analyses the development process of Belarusian voluntary scientific organizations in 1920--1930s and looks at their forms, composition, structure, functions of officials and governing bodies, scientific and educational activity, their role and place in the development of domestic science and national culture.

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ART STUDIES, ETHNOGRAPHY, FOLKLORE

Kaspyarovich V. V.
Wedding poetry symbols in the East Slavic folklore studies. pp. 71--77

Summary: The article reviews the history of thinking on the symbols of wedding poetry and ritual. The analysis carried out makes it possible to distinguish three major periods in the development of East Slavic folklore studies on the issues of symbolism.

Karpilava A. A.
Archetypes of culture in the musical spheres of a film. pp. 78--83

Summary: The article contains the analysis of Belarusian artistic and documental films that show musical forms of important national archetypes of culture (cosmogonical, archetypes of elements, men), their semantics of the film's sound space.

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LITERARY STUDIES

Kislitsyna H. M.
New literature situation: gender factor. pp. 84--89

Summary: The state of the feminism discourse has been analysed in the Belarusian literature. The women prose, which had been written after 1989, has been researched. On the study of work of M. Rovda, E. Veshnovets, J. Gapejeva it has been concluded that the feminism discourse is passing to the gender discourse.

Barabanschikowa T. L.
Structure of Victor Kozko's artistic world. pp. 90--97

Summary: The article is devoted to the creative work of Belarusian prose-writer V. Kozko. He managed to create an original system of the artistic world in his works. To understand the description of the structure of his works it is necessary to analyse the man's attitude towards the nature. The peculiarities of the poetical language, its artistic signs and symbols are analysed in this publication. The basic signs that make up the foundation of the poetical language are: 'man', 'nature', 'earth', 'space','time','sun','death' , etc. Investigating the artistic system of Kozko's writings we see such structural elements as a semantic row of the earth: soil-clay-sand-dust: sound row: song-chorus-sound; the symbolism of the landscape: hollow- pit-shell- hole- trench-entrenchment-ditch; the condition of existence: tiredness -- dream- death and other important peculiarities of Kozko's poetical language.

Skomorokhova S. A.
Reflection of the specific features of the culture in a text in the translations of literary works. pp. 98--102

Summary: The general theoretical issues of literary work translation are discussed in this article by the example of the English and Belarusian languages. Comparative analysis of language data and its literary tradition is made. Also, the problem of "intrans-latability" is raised and the main positions of the accepted translating system are discussed. The issue of the translation of the cultural specific features of a text is distinguished as one of most vital at the moment.

Shishkina N. I., Petrova L. I., Zilbergleit M. A.
Ecological book: from old Greek scientist acquirements to Russian editions of XIX century. pp. 103--110

Summary: This article is devoted to the making of complete imagination about an ecological book like a social and historical event. Its evolution is continuously connected with the social activity transformations. The repertory of the published ecological editions is considered just on the territory of the Russian State in XYIII -- XIX centuries from the typological categories of bibliology.

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LINGUISTICS

Nesterovich V. I.
Dialectical basis and the orthography of "The Story about Maryam" Khasenevich Kitab (1832). pp. 111--117

Summary: The dialectal basis of a text is formed partly by Middle Belarusian and partly by South Western Belarusian patois, the phonetic and phonemic principles in spelling are equally reflected, in some cases they are interwoven. The spelling of the text in Arabic alphabet is influenced by the folk dialectal language as well as the written sources of Slavic origin.

Gordei N. N.
Alternation of consonant phonemes at the junction of the substantive stem and inflections -o, -e(э), -i(ы), -ю. pp. 118--123

Summary: Alternation of consonant phonemes at the junction of substantive stem and inflection are considered from the scope of their positional stipulation, regularity and productivity in the system of the noun word change in the Belarusian language. The positionally non-conditioned, but phonologically and morphonologically conditioned consonant phonemes alternation before the inflections -o, -е(э), -i(ы), -ю have been revealed.

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