Program of improvement of the scientific sphere of the Republic of Belarus was developed pursuant to paragraph 1 of the protocol of instructions of the President of the Republic of Belarus, given on August 5, 2013 at a meeting on the development of the scientific sphere in the Republic of Belarus, No. 16 of September 4, 2013 and an order of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus of September 18, 2013 No. 252r.
The program defines the goals, objectives, directions and mechanisms for improving the organization and functioning of the scientific sphere, includes the most important measures of state management of the scientific complex, covers basic and applied research and development, as well as the scope of scientific support for the modernization of the national economy state and non-state sectors of the economy.
Strategy "Science and Technologies: 2018–2040" was prepared in pursuance of instructions from the President of the Republic of Belarus A.G. Lukashenko dated April 7, 2017 and is based on the principle of continuity and contingency of the basic program documents adopted in the Republic of Belarus: Directive of the President of the Republic of Belarus of June 14, 2007 No. 3 “On the priority directions of strengthening the economic security of the state”, decisions of the Fifth All-Belarusian National Assembly, The National Sustainable Development Strategy of the Republic of Belarus for the period up to 2030, the Program of Social and Economic Development of the Republic of Belarus for 2016–2020, the State Program Amma's innovation development of Belarus for 2016-2020 years.
The main positions of the Strategy were approved by the II Congress of Scientists of the Republic of Belarus, taking into account the positions of the report of the President of the Republic of Belarus A.G. Lukashenko, speeches by delegates, proposals and recommendations of the sections of the congress.
In fulfillment of the Protocol of instructions of the President of the Republic of Belarus Lukashenko A.G. of February 4, 2018 No. 4, dated December 13, 2017 during the Plenary Session of the II Congress of Scientists of the Republic of Belarus, the Strategy was finalized by the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus jointly with those interested and approved by the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus February 26, 2018 No. 17.