The Academician F.I.Fedorov Prize is one of the most prestigious personal awards of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. It is awarded once in three years. In 2017, the prize was awarded for a series of works "Study of the Photophysical and Spin Characteristics of NV Centers in Diamond for Applications in Quantum Technologies." In the course of the research, previously unknown data for a purposeful search of nuclear spins of 13C isotopic atoms with long coherence times even at room temperature have been obtained. This is important for creating solid-state quantum computers based on diamond, as well as new high-precision quantum sensors for measuring local magnetic and electric fields.