Romma Efimovich Aizberg (b. 16.06.1933, Artemovsk, Donetsk region, Ukraine), geologist. Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (2000), Doctor of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences (1979), Professor (1989).
He carried out systematic studies on the tectonics and oil and gas potential prediction of the southeastern Karakum and southwestern spurs of the Gissar ridge. He proposed a method of tectonic mapping, the basic principle of which is the zoning of the territory according to the time of the main stage of the formation of platform structures. For the territory of Belarus and adjacent regions, he substantiated the formation model of the cover, developed paleotectonic models of the main stages of the evolution of platform structures. He showed that the pre-plate and plate stages of development of Eastern European and other ancient platforms were characterized by significant differences, regularly changing in time associations of types of structures and formations, style of plicative and discontinuous dislocations of plate and plate complexes. He revealed the geodynamic conditions of the development of the earth's crust in the territory of Belarus in the Late Proterozoic and Phanerozoic and substantiated theoretical ideas about the geodynamic conditions of riftgenesis and magmatism. He proposed the concept of listric divisibility of the crust of the platforms. The author of the maps of oil and geological zoning of Belarus, which are the basis for planning oil exploration. He developed tectonic and geofluidodynamic criteria for oil and gas formation and oil and gas accumulation in different types of basins of the East European Platform. Contributed to the separation of the neotectonic structures of Central Europe (including Belarus and the Baltic countries), the assessment of tectonic features of the seismicity of the region.
Author of more than 400 scientific papers, incl. 26 monographs.
State Prize of the BSSR in 1978 for the development of the Tectonic Map of Belarus at a scale of 1:500,000 and the monograph “Tectonics of Belarus”. Prize of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and the Siberian Branch of the RAS named after Academician V.A. Koptug in 2004 for the series of joint works "Upper Proterozoic and Paleozoic complexes of Belarus and Siberia: geology, oil and gas potential, problems of hydrocarbon resources development" (co-author).