Evgeny Pavlovich Demidchik (02.01.1925, Borisov, Minsk region – 01.04.2010), a scientist in the field of surgery and oncology. Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1996), Doctor of Medical Sciences (1988), Professor (1988). Honored Doctor of the Republic of Belarus (1997). Member of the Great Patriotic War.
Major works in the field of surgery and oncology. Proved that a large increase in the incidence of children with thyroid cancer in Belarus is due to the effect of increased radiation as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. He identified the clinical and biological features of radiation-induced thyroid cancer in children, established differences in genetic damage depending on the histological type of the tumor, developed a technique of optimal primary and repeated surgical interventions for relapses and metastases of this tumor. He proposed a method of combined treatment of patients with inoperable thyroid cancer and determined the effectiveness of radioiodine therapy in pulmonary metastases of thyroid cancer in children and adolescents who received radiation during the Chernobyl disaster.
Author of more than 380 scientific papers, incl. 16 monographs and reference books on surgery, endocrinology and gastroenterology, 11 patents for inventions.
Dr. Nagai International Peace Memorial Prize (2002, Japan) for helping victims of radiation exposure, improving treatment methods and scientific achievements.
Awarded with the Order of the Patriotic War of the II degree (1985), Francisk Skaryna (2004), the medal "For Courage" (1945), other medals.