Fedor Oskarovich Gausman (01.11.1868, Grodno region – 1944), therapist. Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1933), Doctor of Medical Sciences (1912), Professor (1924). Honored Scientist of the BSSR (1931).
Conducted research on palpation of the gastrointestinal tract. He proposed a number of laboratory research methods: a reaction to urobilin (a Gausman test), a method for diagnosing hidden diseases of the renal pelvis, a method of listening to swallowing noises.
Author of more than 210 scientific papers, incl. 5 monographs.