Zinaida Makarovna Ilyina (b. 28.08.1937, v. Zarechye, Orsha district, Vitebsk region), a scientist in the field of economics and management in the agro-industrial complex. Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (2004), Doctor of Economic Sciences (1999), Professor (2000).
Works on the theory and methodology of national food security, including mechanisms to achieve it based on its own production of raw materials and food, as well as balancing food markets at the national and regional levels. Investigates the basics of market relations, the principles and laws of the formation of agrarian policy, focused on ensuring food security, sustainability of development of rural areas; problems of innovation development, improvement of foreign economic relations in the agricultural sector; the formation and operation of balanced markets for raw materials and food; efficiency and competitiveness of production, ensuring food independence of the country; prospects for the development of the domestic food market; trends and patterns in the functioning of world markets for agricultural products and foodstuffs; problems of import substitution and the development of the export potential of the agro-industrial complex; rational placement and deepening of agricultural production specialization; development of agribusiness and entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector.
Author of 280 scientific papers, incl. 32 monographs.
Prize of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus in 2007 for the series of works "Food Security: Theory, Methodology, Practice".
Awarded with the Francisk Skaryna Medal (2004), medals.