National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

KOMAROV Vladimir Semenovich

Vladimir Semenovich Komarov (29.01.1923 – 15.04.2018), chemist. Born in the village of Knyazhytsy, Mogilev district. Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1980; correspondent member since 1970), Doctor of Chemical Sciences (1969), Professor (1972). Honored Scientist of the BSSR (1978). Member of the Great Patriotic War.

The main scientific work devoted to the research of adsorbents. Proposed new methods for activating clays. Established the relationship between the structure of the synthesized adsorbents and the nature of intermicellar fluid. Showed the dependence of the adsorption components of binary solutions on the thermodynamic properties of the solution, the nature and structure of the adsorbent. He studied the thermodynamics of the swelling of polymers in binary media and the distribution of the components of the medium between the solution and the polymer. Established a mechanism for regulating the porous structure of adsorbents and catalysts obtained by exposing various factors to their gels, the general pattern of synthesis of co-precipitated porous substances and the nature of the formation of their structure. He developed theoretical foundations and methods for obtaining mechanically strong porous supports for catalysts of high-temperature processes, as well as methods for producing catalysts for cracking, isomerization, ammonia synthesis, incl. based on natural aluminosilicates.

Author of more than 800 scientific papers, incl. 7 monographs and 150 inventions.

State Prize of the BSSR in 1980 for the development and introduction of new catalysts and technological processes, ensuring the intensification of caprolactam production and improving its quality with a significant reduction of harmful emissions into the environment. Award of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus in 1999 for the monograph "Theory, synthesis, structure and properties of the resulting adsorbents".

Awarded with the Order of the October Revolution (1983), the Red Banner of Labor (1976), the Red Star (1945), the Glory of the III degree (1944), the Patriotic War of the I degree (1985), Francisk Skaryna (1999), and medals.

Major papers:

  1. Каучукоподобные полимеры - сорбенты и хроматографические материалы. Мн., 1959 (совм. с Г.Л. Старобинцем).
  2. Адсорбционно-структурные, физико-химические и каталитические свойства глин Белоруссии. Мн., 1970.
  3. Структура и пористость адсорбентов и катализаторов. Мн.: Наука и техника, 1988.
  4. Адсорбенты: вопросы теории, синтеза и структуры. Мн.: Беларуская навука, 1997.
  5. Синтез и регулирование пористой структуры адсорбентов. Мн.: Бел. изд. Товарищество "Хата", 2003.