National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

ATRAHOVICH Kondrat Kondratovich

ATRAHOVICH Kondrat Kondratovich
(Kondrat Krapiva)

Kondrat Kondratovich Atrahovich (Kondrat Krapiva; 05.03.1896, v. Nizok, Uzda district, Minsk region – 07.01.1991), playwright, fabulist, novelist, linguist, social activist. Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1950; corresponding member since 1940), Doctor of Philological Sciences (1953). People's Writer of the BSSR (1956). Hero of Socialist Labor (1975). Honored Scientist of the BSSR (1978). Member of the Great Patriotic War.

He began his literary activity in 1922. Early satirical works were included in the collections of "Astso" and "Krapiva" (1925). Author of numerous fables, poems, poems, stories, plays. His work played an important role in the development of satirical genres in Belarusian literature, his fables became a distinctive phenomenon. His prose is distinguished by his acute topicality and satirical humor. From the mid-1930s, he worked fruitfully in the field of drama, his plays - a qualitatively new stage in the development of Belarusian drama. Author of literary and critical articles, linguistic works. Scientific editor of the Belarusian-Ruskaga Slogan (1962), the Russian-Belarusian Dictionary (vol. 1-2, 1982), The Belarusian Atlas Booklet (1963) and others. Many works of I. Krylov, A. Pushkin, N. Gogol, A. Chekhov, A. Tvardovsky, T. Shevchenko, V. Shakespeare, A. Mickiewicz and others were translated into Belarusian.

State Prize of the USSR in 1941 for the comedy "Khto smyayetstsa aposhnim". State Prize of the USSR in 1951 for the lyrical comedy "Pyayuts' zhavaranki" (1950). State Prize of the USSR in 1971 for participation in the complex of works on Belarusian linguogeography. State Prize of the BSSR named after Yanka Kupala in 1974 for the fantastic comedy "Brama neŭmiruchastsi" (1973).

Awarded with the Order of Lenin (1940, 1949, 1966, 1977), the October Revolution (1971), the Red Banner (1943), the Red Banner of Labor (1955), the Red Star (1943), and medals.

Major papers:

  1. Драмы и комедии. М.: Искусство, 1975.
  2. Выбраныя творы: У 2 т. Мн.: Мастацкая літаратура, 1986.
  3. Збор твораў: У 6 т. Мн.: Мастацкая літаратура, 1997-2004.