Oleg Antonovich Loyko (01.05.1931, Slonim, Grodno region – 19.11.2008), literary critic and poet. Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1989), Doctor of Philological Sciences (1970), Professor (1971).
Scientific studies are devoted to the history of Belarusian literature, the theory of modern poetry. Investigates the patterns of development of national lyrics and poems, the problems of realism and romanticism, questions of literary connections. He made a great contribution to the study of typological connections of Belarusian and Polish literature. Investigated the genetic and procedural features of the development of the new Belarusian literature 19 Art. - the beginning of the 20th century. He studied the works of M. Bogdanovich, the ways of development and the artistic phenomenon of the national poem and lyrics. Since the beginning of the 1980s, he has been studying the pre-birth and revival periods of Old Belarusian literature. Reprinted since 1951. Translated into Belarusian by the works of P. Verlaine (collection "U mesyatsavym zzyanni", 1974), I.V. Goethe (collection "Spatkanne i rostan", 1981), F. Schiller (collection "Ulada pesnyaspevu", 1997), many Russian, Ukrainian, Polish and other poets.
Author of over 100 scientific papers, incl. 6 monographs, a two-volume textbook for the philological faculties of universities “Gistoryya belaruskay litaratury. Dakastrychnitski peryyad” (vol. 1-2, 1977-80, 2nd ed. 1989), two books in the series “Yanka Kupala” (1982), "Skaryna" (1989), 24 books of poems.
State Prize of the BSSR in 1990 for the novel "Francysk Skaryna, abo Sonca maladzikovaje".
Awarded with the Order of Friendship of Peoples (1981), medals.