National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

VECHER Alexander Stepanovich

VECHER Alexander Stepanovich

Alexander Stepanovich Vecher (25.03.1905, v. Mashchitsy, Slutsk district, Minsk region – 04.05.1985), biochemist, poet. Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (1966; Corresponding Member since 1959), Doctor of Biological Sciences (1951), Professor (1951). Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the BSSR (1975).

Researches are devoted to the nature of the protoplasmic structures of the plant cell, the study of the nature of proteins. He explored changes in the natural properties of tubers under the influence of light. Established the absence of photosynthetic activity in their chloroplasts. He discovered the presence of deoxyribonucleic acid in potato plastids, indicating the presence of an independent protein biosynthesis pathway in them. Proved the effectiveness of obtaining protein concentrates on potato waste, developed a technology for the production of vitamin B2 based on microbiological synthesis. Participated in the creation of the first in the USSR pilot plant for the production of carotene from carrots. Developed and introduced into production methods for clarifying wines with bentonites, justified the use of ascorbic acid in champagne technology.

Author of more than 420 scientific papers, incl. 6 monographs and 10 inventions.

Awarded with the Order of Friendship of Peoples (1981), medals.

Major papers:

  1. Прамысловая сушка бульбы. Мн.: Белдзяржвыд, 1932 (в соавт.).
  2. Пластиды растений, их свойства, состав и строение. Мн.: Изд-во АН БССР, 1961.
  3. Зварот да слова: Вершы. Мн.: Мастацкая літаратура, 1977.
  4. Фізіялогія і біяхімія бульбы. Мн.: Навука и тэхніка, 1984 (совм. с М.Н.Гончариком).
  5. Основы физической биохимии растений. Мн.: Наука и техника, 1984.